Data-driven design will make work easier for architects and will make architectural project more available for customers. That will give birth to the new “mass-market architecture”.
Our research started with basic questions: What is the future of architecture and design industries? How does the future of the profession look like? Over the course of our research we examined the role of architects in the future design processes and decided to focus on software technologies that enable data-driven design. Simplifying architectural work, it gives birth to the new “mass-market architecture”. The phenomenon of “mass-market architecture” is one of the possible scenarios of further development of design industry. We tried to understand the opportunities it brings and challenges it faces.
The reason why automation is so important is that it brings available and good quality products for better price.
Few centuries ago books were produced in the way that made them available to rich people only. Nowadays — thanks to technologies — you can read books on your phone and even make your own ones with no effort.
Similar situation with clothes. Once unique, expensive hand-made products, now shoes and dresses are affordable and easy to produce.
What made these products so broadly available? Development of industries and technological innovations transformed the sectors.
We have asked ourselves: How will progressive automation transform architecture in the future?
We are now at the doorsteps of the next era - Industry 4.0 - which is going to be about the cyber-physical connection. You will be able to talk to your car at anytime and anyplace and, for example, order it to find you. But what will Industry 4.0 mean for architecture?
The development of Industry 4.0 and it`s technologies will bring us to a new wave of reaction in close future.
There are tendencies to develop new legislation system that will be able to protect human and companies wrights in the new reality of Industry 4.0 and will provide one communicative language for future conversations and decision making.
Technologies are developing rapidly; eventually we will reach the point when technologies are so complicated that they can’t be human-controlled. That would create a new system of optimisation.
It is possible to look at the impact of Industry 4.0 through three lenses:
Modern technology allows to simplify and automate the process of project implementation and fabrication. 3D-printing, CNC-machines, robot-aided fabrication are already being used in construction and will only expand their areas of application.
Various softwares are now being actively used in the process of design, but without realizing its full potential. The future lies in the development of interactive aspects of software.
Simply put, generative design is a process in which you input data that then gets transformed into sets of algorithms (or patterns) to form the project. By changing the input you automatically change the project.
Apart from the simplicity this method also provides possibility of personalisation and customisation of the result. It is due to the fact that you input any personal information.
Another benefit is the variation, which springs from variants generated by the algorithm. Algorithmic design, thus, provides infinite solutions.
What if architectural style was also only an algorithm? What if we could present a style as a number of features? Their combinations will then provide us with an algorithm. By collecting special traits of an architect we can get patterns of his or her style. That allows us to reduce the workload, make the process effective, fast and automated.